Gynecological examinations should be conducted regularly so that sexual problems can be best screened. But most women go to the clinic when they have problems in the reproductive area, which leads to difficulties in diagnosis and treatment. So when is the best gynecological exam? And what is a gynecological exam?
1. When to gynecological examination?
Gynecological examinations are surveys and examinations at the female genital organs including the vulva, vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and breasts to detect abnormalities in female reproductive health. gender. This is very important, a crucial part of reproductive health in women. It is recommended that women should have regular reproductive health check every 3 – 6 months. However, in reality, the percentage of women who go to regular gynecological examination is very small, women mainly visit the doctors when having abnormal problems such as adnexitis, itching, itchy discharge. irregular, irregular menstruation or long-term marriage without having a child. Therefore leading to the late diagnosis and treatment of gynecological diseases , affecting reproductive health, difficult to conceive or even infertility.
Important milestones that women need to have a gynecological examination:
Before marriage : in married life, reproductive health plays a very important role. Prenatal checkups can help eliminate inflammatory problems or conditions that can affect reproduction as well as married life.
Before attempting to conceive: to help detect timely treatment of genital problems from the mother to avoid infecting the unborn child, ensuring pregnancy health for both mother and baby, avoiding future complications.
When vaginal signs of abnormalities such as itching, burning pain, especially pain after sex , there is a lot of vaginal discharge with an odor with abnormal color, menstrual disorders …
2. Some notes when going to gynecological examination
Gynecological examination is an important examination procedure that can help diagnose reproductive issues, timely detect conditions that affect birth and marriage. Therefore, it is necessary to consider choosing a reputable and quality clinic and having a team of highly professional medical staff with years of experience.
Do not go to gynecological examination during the menstrual period. According to the opinion of experts and obstetrician-gynecologist, the most appropriate time for medical examination is 3 to 5 days after menstruation because:
During the day of menstruation: massive bleeding, peeling of the uterine lining, it is difficult to observe as well as difficult to take specimens for testing.
If you examine at ovulation period, taking the samples will also be difficult, many physiological vaginal fluids can easily be misdiagnosed with other diseases.
At the end of the menstrual cycle , at this time, the endometrium will grow very thick to prepare for a new cycle. Therefore, it is difficult to observe the assessment of uterine wall and uterine ultrasound.
Before going to the doctor, need to clean the vagina. Avoid intercourse, avoid using cleaning solutions for a few days before going to the doctor as this can change the environment of your vagina as well as the bacteria or fungi that parasitize your vagina. This can lead to confusion in the diagnosis due to inaccurate test results.
Do not use alcohol, stimulants before going to the doctor. Wearing spacious, comfortable, and most convenient. Funding should be made prior to the visit to be able to handle any problems that occur during the examination, especially tests that arise when a diagnosis is suspected.
3. What tests need to be done at the gynecological examination
Physical exam : to help guide the diagnosis of the cause and to provide information for the treatment regimen when needed.
Genital examination : full examination of upper and lower genital organs to detect abnormalities, thereby providing guidance for the designation of laboratory-assisted and subclinical tests. guess.
Abdominal examination : findings of the abdominal cavity and abdominal organs may present a risk of reproductive problems.
Rectal examination: mainly examining the muscular region between the vagina and anus to detect tumors or other pathological problems affecting the genital area.
Vaginal ultrasound : to assess and detect abnormalities of the uterus, ovaries and other reproductive organs in women.
Pap smear : is a sample of uterine cell samples that helps detect internal abnormalities of the uterus, and allows for early diagnosis of cervical cancer. This test should be checked every 3 years between the ages of 21 and 65.
Mammogram: Specialists recommend that women should have a mammogram once a year to detect breast abnormalities such as breast cancer or lymphoma early.
The CA – 125 test: the CA – 125 protein is a cancer antigen, checking the concentration of this protein in the blood helps detect the development of ovarian cancer in women.
Hormone testing : important indicators include progesterone, estradiol, https://infogram.com/danh-sach-10-phong-kham-phu-khoa-ngoai-gio-tot-nhat-tai-tphcm-1h0r6r9orq336ek prolactin, LH and FSH. These are important hormones in female reproductive health, directly related to menstruation and childbirth.
The CA – 125 test is a diagnostic test for ovarian cancer in women
Gynecological examination is an important medical examination especially for women. Gynecological examination helps assess the reproductive health status in women, helps detect abnormalities in the genitals to timely guide treatment to avoid severe complications such as infertility, amenorrhea, uterine cancer …
In order to meet the needs of female health examination, in order to ensure the health of women, Vinmec International General Hospital now has a basic gynecological examination and screening package to help customers: Detecting diseases. early infectious diseases help treat easily and inexpensively; Screening for early detection of gynecological cancer (Cervical cancer).
When registering the basic gynecological examination and screening package, customers will be:
Vaginal uterine ultrasound
Breast ultrasound on both sides
Tests such as: fast Treponema pallidum test, Chlamydia rapid test, take samples to make cervical – vaginal smear, bacterial staining (female vaginal fluid), automated HPV genotype PCR system,
Total urine analysis by automated machine.
To register for gynecological examination and treatment at Vinmec International General Hospital, you can contact Vinmec Health System nationwide, or register online for examination HERE.